Jan's Illustrated Computer Literacy 101: Computer Basics
Course in computer basics: the textbook part of a college computer literacy course.

  • Computer Basics Y ou don't have to know everything to be comfortable with computers

  • Besides which, computers are lots of fun - when they aren't driving you insane!!! What's in these lessons? The lessons in this Computer Basics section of explain a lot of the techno-babble that you hear about computers

  • The goal is to learn enough that you can follow along as computer technology becomes more and more important in our world

  • Consider this set of lessons 'Beginning Driver's Ed' for the computer

  • Some clues on when 'You'd better stop the car now!' The topics covered here will introduce you to a similar set of topics about computers

  • When you finish, you'll be just as prepared to "drive" a computer, as you were to drive a car when you finished Driver's Ed

  • Scary thought, isn't it? That clearly means you will need lots of practice with a skilled "driver" in the passenger's seat before you can be considered "safe on the road!" But we can get you started! But, really, you'll understand the basic ideas behind computers, some of the ills that affect computers, and some of the basic safety measures to take to keep your computer healthy

    Jan's Illustrated Computer Literacy 101
    Lessons covering input, processing, output, storage, word processors, spreadsheets,
    and the web.

  • Do you feel confused, befuddled, & lost when it comes to computers? Do you wish you had the time, and dollars, to take a real, live course on computers? Then these lessons are for you! E veryone picks up bits and pieces of information while using and working around computers

  • Where you are: > I do a lot of revising and updating, but with computers, today's best is tomorrow's dinosaur

  • - Transfer lessons to a computer that does not have an Internet connection

  • It's easy! Your incentive: A set of end-of-the-chapter questions/exercises for Computer Basics for any teacher who receives permission by using the Permissions form! Final step: After you have used the site with your class, complete the to let me know how things went

  • Frames Several lessons in Computer Basics contain pages that use invisible frames

  • Don't skip them! Where did all of this come from? The Computer Basics lessons are based on my lecture notes and some old PowerPoint presentations I developed for a college course I taught on computer literacy a while back at Roane State Community College here in Tennessee

  • So if you master the materials contained in Computer Basics , you may consider yourself to have done half of a college computer literacy course

    Learn Electronics Lessons and Information Pages
    Electronics help, electronics lessons, an electronics glossary, acronym index
    and resources for electronics students, technicians, and enthusiasts.

  • Try the introductory Learn Electronics lesson to see if computer based training is right for you

    KnowledgeStorm - The Enterprise Software, Hardware, Services, and ...
    Browse the database of business technology software products and services.
    Use key word search or browse solutions by type, industry, geography, and technical ...


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    Computer Skills for Information Problem-Solving: Learning and ...
    Article on how instructors can teach problem and information literacy skills to
    students when they are using technology.

  • Computer Skills for Information Problem-Solving: Learning and Teaching Technology in Context

  • There seems to be clear and widespread agreement among the public and educators that students need to be proficient computer users--students need to be 'computer literate.' However, while districts are spending a great deal of money on technology, there seems to be only a vague notion of what computer literacy really means

  • - Can the student who operates a computer well enough to play 'Doom' be considered computer literate? - Will a student who has used computers in school only for running tutorials or an integrated learning system have the skills necessary to survive in our society? - Will the ability to do basic word processing be sufficient for students entering the workplace or post-secondary education? Clearly not

  • In too many schools, most teachers and students still use computers only as the equivalent of expensive flash cards or electronic worksheets

  • The productivity side of computer use in the general content area curriculum is neglected or grossly underdeveloped (Moursund, 1995)

  • There are, however, some encouraging signs concerning computers and technology in education

    Home Network Security
    Gives home users an overview of the security risks and countermeasures associated
    with Internet connectivity, especially in the context of "always-on" or ...

    The Internet and FTP
    One of the most useful services of the Internet is FTP, or File Transfer Protocol.
    This paper describes the client/server environment and explains FTP ...

  • Contents - - - - - - - - - - - - - Not so long ago, the easiest and simplest way to transfer files from one desktop computer to another was via the 'sneaker net' - walking a diskette between machines

  • Later, modems and serial connections made it possible to transfer files between two computers using telephone lines

  • Setting up both computers for serial connections requires some preparation and timing considerations

  • Once more modern computer networks made their debut, transferring files became as simple as retrieving or saving a file

  • Network software often depicts a remote computer as simply another disk drive

  • Accessing computers that are not on the high-speed network still requires a modem or some other communication method

  • The Internet indirectly connects any computer on the Internet to every other computer on the Internet

  • Access is immediately possible to growing millions of computers and files

  • The administrator of each computer on the Internet grants permission to access their computer

  • A client/server network has two roles for computers: clients and servers

  • The server is a computer that responds to requests for its services Glossary of Computer Terms
    A searchable glossary of computer terms covering both the basic and the advanced.

  • Glossary of Computer Terms Computer Terms Glossary This page is meant to serve as a guide to the vast quantity of computer terms and acronyms in common use for the casual computer user

  • If the computer is already running, it is more often called rebooting

  • cursor A point of attention on the computer screen, often marked with a flashing line or block

  • Text typed into the computer will usually appear at the cursor

  • desktop A desktop system is a computer designed to sit in one position on a desk somewhere and not move around

  • Most general purpose computers are desktop systems

  • It allows for the transfer of information from one computer to another, provided that they are hooked up via some sort of (often the

  • file A file is a unit of (usually named) information stored on a computer

  • Floppies do not hold too much data, but most computers are capable of reading them

  • Note though that there are different competing used for floppies, so that a floppy written by one type of computer might not directly work on another

  • Computer information can be stored in literally hundreds of different formats, and can represent text, sounds, animations, etc

  • Benefits

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    The four basic ontologies of semantic interpretation
    Article by Roland Hausser comparing approaches to semantics between linguistics,
    philosophy and computer science, and classifying them into four kinds depending ...

  • The four basic ontologies of semantic interpretation Roland Hausser Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Abteilung Computerlinguistik (CLUE) Abstract: This paper compares the semantic interpretation of logical, programming, and natural languages

  • [+constructive] systems, on the other hand, are useless without a procedural semantics because neither a computer nor a cognitive agent can practically function on the basis of a metalanguage-based semantics.procedural semantics Furthermore, a cognitive (re-)interpretation of the logical model as part the speaker-hearer is incompatible with the goals and methods of traditional theories of truth

  • The user puts commands (surfaces of the programming language) into the computer, which turns them directly into corresponding electronic procedures

  • In this traditional use, a computer is still a far cry from a cognitive agent

  • But there is already the important distinction between the task environment in the `world' and the computer internal problem space , whereby the semantic interpretation is located in the latter

  • Because of their origin as conventional programs on conventional computers most systems of artificial intelligence are based - subconsciously, so to speak - on a [-sense, +constructive] ontology

    1. Programming/C++ Tutorial
    Basics C++ Tutorial.

  • | Introduction to Programming Without a program, a computer has no purpose

  • John Von Neumann In 1952, a very clever man named John Von Neumann was working on a rather primitive computer that was programmed by moving wires about on a large plug-board

  • Computer programs also have value, but their value is much more difficult to assess

  • For one thing, you cannot weigh a computer program

  • In fact, a computer program has no physical existence at all

  • When the program is listed on paper, it takes a form that a programmer can comprehend, only because (s)he can imagine the actions the computer will take when confronted by the instructions

  • It can fairly be argued that a computer program is a product of pure intellect, has no physical existence, and therefore cannot meaningfully be secured against theft

  • To summarize, a computer is a machine whose sole purpose is to faithfully carry out a computer program's instructions

  • It is no more than an input/output device to support the intellectual goals of a computer program (and a programmer)

  • The computer's higher purpose resides in its program

    Computer Animation: From the Studio to the Home PC
    Keep up with developments in online animation for all skill levels. Download tools,
    and seek inspiration from online work.

    Central processing unit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Growing article, with links to many related topics. [Wikipedia]

  • in a ceramic package A central processing unit ( CPU ), or sometimes simply processor, is the component in a that interprets and processes contained in computer programs

  • CPUs provide the fundamental digital computer trait of, and are one of the necessary components found in of any era, along with and facilities

  • This broad definition can easily be applied to many early computers that existed long before the term 'CPU' ever came into widespread usage

  • However, the term itself and its have been in use in the computer industry at least since the early 1960s

  • Early CPUs were custom-designed as a part of a larger, usually one-of-a-kind, computer

  • Contents [] History , one of the first electronic stored program computers

  • Main article: Prior to the advent of machines that resemble today's CPUs, computers such as the had to be physically rewired in order to perform different tasks

  • These machines are often referred to as 'fixed-program computers, ' since they had to be physically reconfigured in order to run a different program

  • Since the term 'CPU' is generally defined as a software (computer program) execution device, the earliest devices that could rightly be called CPUs came with the advent of the stored-program computer


    Introducing the IBM/Sony/Toshiba Cell Processor — Part I: the SIMD ...
    Technical analysis and overview. [Ars Technica]

  • In its most basic form IBM's Cell does what computer architects have been doing since the first cache was invented — Cell moves a small bit of memory closer to the execution units, and lets the processor store frequently-used code and data in that local memory

  • Eliminating the Instruction Window If you've read my series on the Pentium and the PowerPC line or my introduction to basic computer architecture fundamentals, then you're familiar with the concept of an instruction window

  • In the second phase, computer designers included an instruction window, increased the number of execution units in the execution core, and increased the cache size

    Basic Computers Consulting and Support Services
    On site computer support, training and web page design for small business and
    home users.

  • Consulting and Support Service System Upgrades Computer Training Local Area Networks Troubleshooting Internet Web Design & Development The BEST Anti-Virus I have found on the market for 2006 plus it is free for home users

  • Whether for personal or business use, we know the frustration when your computer freezes, hangs, never reaches desktop, can't connect, can't hear sound, won't print, becomes so slow you can take a nap waiting for it to do anything, repeated error messages or heaven forbid "where's that burning smell coming from"? And now your stuck with having to unplug it all, take it to a shop or box it up and ship it out only to pick it up from the shop or unpack it all, then setup it all back up and find you have the same problem before you sent it off, or new ones you didn't have before you went through all of this

  • Basic Computers delivers on site support and at a price less then most shops charge you bringing it to them

  • Since we are not affiliated with any of the major computer companies we cannot offer warranty service

  • We are Comp TIA A+ certified in computer hardwaresoftware as well as trained Microsoft support engineers

    Microsoft computer training in London, Manchester and throughout ...
    Computer training and software development. Information on services offered.

  • FREE USB STICK Book a course with us, and get a free for your exercises Microsoft computer training Looking for scheduled or onsite Microsoft computer training in the UK? Probably you want one or more of the following: friendly small excellent venues delicious genuine excellent sector Congratulations - you have just found possibly the best Microsoft computer training company in the UK

    Fermat, Computer Algebra System II
    By Robert H. Lewis and Michael Wester. Presented as a poster to the 1999 ISSAC

  • Comparison of Polynomial-Oriented Computer Algebra Systems (Preliminary Report) Robert H

  • Such computation is part of most computer algebra systems ('CA systems')

    Amstrad CPC 464 664 6128 Basic programming tutorial and games. The ...
    Locomotive Basic programming guide for Amstrad CPC including sprites, sound,
    graphics, debugging, and using machine code. Demonstration software and programming ...

    FTBasic - Computer control of Yaesu radios
    Free trial download of a program to control Yaesu radios. Includes specifications,
    details of controlled models, support and contact information.

    The Retrocomputing Museum
    Eric S. Raymond's list of outdated, obscure, or deliberatly unusable programming
    languages, compilers, and interpreters.

  • As the Computer Contradictionary succinctly observes, 'Shit with icing'

  • INTERCAL A computer language designed by Don Woods and James Lyons in 1972

  • INTERCAL is purposely different from all other computer languages in all ways but one; it is purely a written language, being totally unspeakable

  • Said by the authors to stand for 'Computer Language With No Pronounceable Acronym'

  • Knuth's The Art Of Computer Programming , vol I

  • For other versions of TECO, see the collection at

  • An extremely funky computer language based entirely on macro processing

  • You've heard of RISC, Reduced Instruction Set Computers? Well, here is the concept taken to its logical extreme — an emulator for a computer with just one (1) instruction (Subtract and Branch if Negative)! Sample programs in the OISC machine language are included

  • PDP/8 The DEC PDP/8 was the best-selling computer in the world until the advent of the Apple II

  • However, we don't maintain PDP-8 software here, because there is an excellent archive at in the `/pub/academic/computer-science/history/pdp8' directory; various emulators are available in the `emulators' subdirectory

    Homebrew Computer Club
    An original member, Bob Lash, shares memories, photographs, stories, diagrams
    from the early days of personal computing.

  • Memoir of a Homebrew Computer Club Member By Bob Lash Last Update: November 27th, 2005 My first exposure to computers was at age 6 (1963), as a subject in at Stanford

  • They said it was a 'computer' and its name was the ''

  • A visitor would clap his hands or speak, and a colorful wave of light would sweep up the tree.) I also built model rockets (this was still the age of Apollo) and through that hobby learned of Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems: MITS (they were selling flashing light kits for night launches of model rockets, but no Altair yet.) Back in 1973 I was an energetic Palo Alto High School student who had recently become a student System Operator for the PAUSD school district's HP2000F 32-user BASIC timeshare computer system (under the direction of Dr

  • The People's Computer Center was a really cool place for computer hobbiests at that time -- as you see in, they had a PDP-8/E, PDP-8/L, and 4 ASR 33 teletypes..

  • the best public access for 'real people'! Posted on a bulletin board in the PALY terminal room (containing 6 noisy KSR-33 teletypes in the Palo Alto High School math-science office) was a notice that a computer group meeting would be held at the home of

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